Is there any truth to the often-made assertion that evolution necessarily implies atheism, usually heard from religiously-motivated opponents of the evolutionary explanation of the variety of living organisms? Not directly.
Science doesn’t imply atheism. Evolution doesn’t imply atheism, any more than other natural explanations do: any more than gravity does when it denies celestial spheres, or the Static Electricity Theory of Lightning Generation when it denies Thor, or the Brain Malfunction Theory of Strokes when it denies that God is consciously striking people down. What science does is encourage a rational, evidence-based attitude. That makes people who think scientifically, who know that people see faces in clouds and think their cars “act stubborn” on cold mornings, who know about misperceptions and the unreliability of eye-witness testimony and memory, are less likely to believe in ghosts, paranormal powers, flying saucers, magnetic healing, crystals, qi, homeopathy, “good vibrations,” pixies, fairies, unicorns, demons, angels, or deities.