From Kitzmiller vs. Dover….
Judge Jones continues:
But they undermine their argument with the admission that “a definition of ‘creation’ from a pre-publication draft of Pandas… was also used as one definition of ID in the final published textbook.” However, the DI authors only quote the definition that ID means that “various forms of life … began abruptly through an intelligent agency with their distinctive features intact—fish with fins and scales, birds with feathers, beaks, and wings, etc.” The DI authors omit the definition in the pre-publication draft of Pandas that read: “various forms of life began abruptly through the agency of an intelligent creator with their distinctive features already intact—fish with fins and scales, birds with feathers, beaks, and wings, etc.”
What difference does it make that “intelligent creator” was changed to “intelligent agency”? The obvious point, which Judge Jones noted, was that the words “creation” and its cognates were removed from Pandas in some 150 places directly after the Supreme Court ruled in 1987 that public schools could not require “equal time” for “creation-science” in biology classes. Although quite revealing of the quick-change strategy adopted by the Pandas authors to avoid the Edwards decision—which would have precluded the book’s adoption by any public-school district—the DI authors miss (or ignore) a more significant point that did not escape Judge Jones. Both the original “creationist” and revised “intelligent agency” definitions include the identical words that “the various forms of life that began abruptly . . . with their distinctive features already intact . . . .” These common definitions of the origin of species, Jones noted, were conceded by defense expert witnesses to mean the “ ‘special creation’ of kinds of animals, an inherently religious and creationist concept.” The notion of “special creation” not only implies, but requires the intervention of a supernatural (read “God”) creator of all life forms. Whether labeled as an “intelligent creator” or an “intelligent agency” makes no difference. It is the supposed “intelligence” of the creator or agency that removes both old-fashioned creationism and newfangled ID from the realm of science, since no “intelligent” force can be observed or measured by any scientific process.
This is an older post, so I apologize if I’m quoting someone whom I don’t acknowledge.